Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid meaning that our body produces it. However if the body is under stress or nutrient deficient it will slow down the production and not make enough glutamine to support the bodies need for it, which ironically increases in times of stress. Therefore it is very important to get enough in your diet in order to support the bodies natural production.
Glutamine has many vital functions in the body - personally, I believe it is the magic ingredient in bone broth.
Here are some of the main functions of Glutamine:
- It is the precursor to the Neurotransmitter GABA. Meaning it is required for the production of GABA. GABA is Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, an inhibitory neurotransmitter that produces the feeling a relaxation, zen, and serenity. This is a process that does not function properly in so many people and therefore they can have a constant feeling of being on edge or stressed, it can affect how you sleep, your concentration, and the digestion of your food. In order to properly rest and digest, you need to be produced GABA.
- It is also the precursor to Glutamate production in the brain. Glutamate is a powerful excitatory neurotransmitter, responsible for sending signals between the nerve cells. It plays an important role in memory and learning.
- Glutamine is a glucogenic amino acid, meaning it is essential for maintaining blood sugar levels. Your blood sugar levels are what can cause a feeling of low dips of energy at different times of the day, as well as feeling faint or shaky if you haven't eaten food recently, or feeling unable to perform physical activity. It is also a precursor to developing insulin resistance, or diabetes type 2. You may think this is all diet related, and it is mostly, but a deficiency of glutamine can mean it is very difficult for your body to regulate blood sugar.
- Glutamine is important for developing muscle strength and endurance. Without the proper amount of this amino acid in your system, your muscles will be unable to get stronger even with a training schedule, as they will not be able to rebuild damaged muscle tissue or perform during training.
- One of the most important functions of glutamine is that it is essential for gastrointestinal function. It provides energy to the small intestine, where a lot of your food is digested and absorbed. The intestines are the only organ which uses glutamine as its primary energy source. It also is important for rebuilding and maintains the gut wall. This is crucial for healing leaky gut and prevent it from developing.
- Glutamine has the highest concentration in the blood than all the other amino acids.
- Glutamine is heavily involved in DNA synthesis. Which is when your body needs to create new cells it with transcribing your DNA from existing cells. This is incredibly important this process is carried out perfectly and glutamine is a regulatory molecule over this process.
Here are some of the conditions and processors that Glutamine deficiency is seen in:
- Leaky Gut
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome or “Burn-Out”
- Anxiety and Panic disorders